Iran includes several historical structures dates back to thousands years ago. Those historical structures inherited from the past generations demonstrate many aspects of life of our ancestors. Also it is observed that these structures that are assumed as cultural heritage of our nation are not eternal and has to be protected for the benefit of future generations.
Concerning to historical constructions and apart from their cultural importance, monuments significantly contribute to the economy of cities and countries by providing key attractions. Tourism and leisure is a major industry in the 3rd millennium (6 to 10% of the GNP in Europe while 2.9% of total GDP in Iran for 2016) and the “cultural” tourism received increasing attention in the last decades.
Considering the need that architects and engineers in Iran develop high quality qualifications and skills in the conservation of cultural heritage structures and the relevance of the programme coordinated by University of Minho in this area, both universities agreed to collaborate in the Master Programme “Mestrado em Análise Estrutural de Monumentos e Construções Históricas / Master in Structural Analysis of Monuments and Historical Constructions” (msc-sahc.org), hereafter SAHC-Iran, of the University of Minho.
The objective of SAHC-Iran is to offer an advanced education programme on the engineering of conservation of structures, with a focus on architectural heritage. The Master combines the diversity of expertise at leading European universities in the field, offering education oriented to a multidisciplinary understanding of structural conservation through the involvement of experts from complementary fields (engineers, architects, materials scientists and others). Students face top level structural analysis knowledge in a research oriented environment, with close cooperation with the industry and a focus on problem solving.
The Master course will provide a cross-disciplinary education comprising engineering oriented issues (experimental techniques, computer modelling, structural analysis, seismic behaviour and structural dynamics, repairing and strengthening techniques, surveying, monitoring, etc.) with more general methodological or philosophical concepts (history of construction and restoration, principles and methodology of conservation, building rehabilitation, etc.).
The main focus of this training is the application of scientific principles in analysis, innovation and practice of conservation of monuments and historical constructions worldwide. The course will combine the very recent advances in research and development with activities oriented to practical applications. In turn, the course will pay significant attention to the regional differences shown by the architectural heritage and historical construction techniques within Europe or at World scale.